Neshoba County Data
Neshoba County Neighbors
Welcome to Neshoba County!
Welcome to Neshoba County, Mississippi Genealogy & History Network. Our purpose is to provide visitors with free resources for genealogical and / or historical research.
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About Neshoba County...
Neshoba County is located in the central portion of Mississippi. Neshoba County was formed by the state legislature on December 23, 1833, from the territory ceded by the Choctaw nation three years earlier. Neshoba County has a rich American Indian history - even the name Neshoba is from the Choctaw word "nashoba" meaning "wolf." The county is the home of the famous Neshoba County Fair, started in 1889 and held annually since. Philadelphia became the county seat of Neshoba County on August 15, 1837.
In 1964, three civil rights workers were murdered in Neshoba County. The crime and legal aftermath was the basis for the 1988 movie Mississippi Burning.
The Pearl River, which flows east to west through Neshoba County, was an important waterway for early settlers, especially between 1830 and 1860. It reportedly took 15 days to travel by keel boat from Philadelphia to Jackson and about 30 days of vigorous labor to bring a keel boat upstream from Jackson to Philadelphia.
Federal Colonel Benjamin Grierson’s grandstanding expedition through Neshoba County in the spring of 1863 was the only significant action of the Civil War near Philadelphia. However, hundreds of Neshoba County men were killed in battle, died from the “fevers” that plagued Civil War camps, or were maimed for life by federal shot and shell. In addition to the human loss, Neshoba Countians also lost tens of thousands of dollars in precious hard currency invested in Confederate bonds and other financial instruments that were worthless when the rebellion failed.
Share-cropping and other forms of hard-scrabble farming characterized the post-war years in Neshoba County. The “one-mule farm” became a standard operation. By 1880 the county’s natural timber resources were becoming an important economic factor, and by 1910 Neshoba County sawmills were too numerous to count. Today, local businesses have continued to develop Neshoba County’s timber and land resources for the benefit of their investors and hundreds of local people employed in forest products industries.
The county has a total area of 571.64 square miles of which 570.00 square miles is land and 1.64 square miles (0.29%) is water. The population recorded in the 1840 Federal Census was 2,437. The 2010 census recorded 29,676 residents in the county.
Neighboring counties are Attala County (northwest), Winston County (north), Kemper County (east), Lauderdale County (southeast), Newton County (south), Scott County (southwest), and Leake County (west). Communities in the county include Philadelphia, Union (mostly in Newton County), Bogue Chitto (partly in Kemper County), Pearl River, Tucker, Burnside, Choctaw, Good Hope, Neshoba, and Stallo.
Neshoba County Records
Neshoba County MSGHN has many records here on our website. Thousands of Neshoba County marriage records and more. Look at the Neshoba County Records links in the menu on the left for a list of available data.
Birth Records - The Mississippi Department of Health maintains records of births after November 1, 1912 on file. This was the year Mississippi began keeping official birth records. You can obtain official copies of birth certificates by mail by using this birth record application on their website. If you just have to order by internet or phone, or use a credit card, you can use VitalCheck, a third party records company recognized by the Mississippi Dept. of Health. Since there are no official birth records before November 1, 1912 for births prior to that date you will need to determine birth information from census records, bible records, baptismal records, cemetery tombstones, etc.
Death Records - The Mississippi Department of Health maintains births recorded after November 1, 1912 on file. This was the year Mississippi began keeping official death records. You can obtain official copies of death certificates by mail by using this death record application on their website. If you just have to order by internet or phone, or use a credit card, you can use VitalCheck, a third party records company recognized by the Mississippi Dept. of Health. Since there are no official death records before November 1, 1912 for deaths prior to that date you will need to determine death information from census records, bible records, funeral home records, cemetery tombstones, etc.
Marriage Records - We have thousands of county marriage records here on our website. These dates will assist you greatly in obtaining a copy of the original marriage license. The Mississippi Department of Health can provide you with this for marriages that took place between January 1, 1926 to June 30, 1938, and for January 1, 1942 to present by mail by using this marriage record application on their website. If you just have to order by internet or phone, or use a credit card, you can use VitalCheck, a third party records company recognized by the Mississippi Dept. of Health.
All existing county marriage records for any date not listed above (and for the dates listed above for that matter) may be obtained from the county's Circuit Clerk's office.
Divorce Records - Prior to 1859, divorce proceedings were introduced as private bills in the Mississippi State Legislature. References to these can be found in the books Index of Mississippi Session Acts 1817 - 1865 and Index to the Laws of the Mississippi Territory. These books can be found at the Mississippi Department of Archives and History as well as many other genealogy repositories and libraries across the state. After 1859, county divorce proceedings were filed in the county's Chancery Clerk's office.